In one of the first studies to look at alcohol and tobacco use in young teens, ages 12 to 15, with ADHD and conduct disorder, Cincinnati Children's Hospital Medical Center researchers found increased use.
"Early onset of substance abuse is a significant public health concern," says William Brinkman, MD, a pediatrician at Children's and the study's lead author.
"Adolescents who use substances before the mid-teen years are more likely to develop dependence on them than those who start later, that's why prevention is so important," Brinkman says.
New research from the University of Cincinnati and Cincinnati Children's Hospital Medical Center finds kids who live near or attend school near a major highway or interstate have an increased risk for attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) because of the traffic- related pollution.
Lots of kids could be at risk
Studies have shown 40% of children attend school within 400 meters of a major highway. Another 11% of the population in the U.S. lives within a 100 meters of a four-lane highway.