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A judge entered pleas of not guilty to 33 federal hate crime counts against Dylann Roof, the white suspect accused of gunning down nine parishioners at a black church in Charleston, S.C., last month.

Updated at 2 p.m. ET

Eighteen years and nearly $400 billion since engineers begin outlining the initial concept, a small squadron of F-35B Lightning IIs has finally been declared ready to fight.

To Haben Girma's grandmother, back in East Africa, it "seemed like magic." Her granddaughter, born deaf and blind, is a graduate of Harvard Law School and works as a civil rights attorney.

Nisha Saini has been practicing an Indian traditional health form called Ayurveda for more than 16 years. She runs a small alternative health center in Manhattan called New York Ayurveda, where customers can get massages and dietary advice. Over the counter, Saini sells an extensive array of traditional remedies concocted from herbs and spices. But there's one kind of Ayurvedic medicine she doesn't sell.

Advocates and inmates working to overhaul the criminal justice system will have to wait at least a little longer for congressional action.

The Republican leader of the Senate Judiciary Committee, Charles Grassley, said he won't hold a public event on sentencing reform proposals until after the August recess, as language is still being drafted by a bipartisan working group. And in the U.S. House, lawmakers and their aides will spend at least the next five weeks making adjustments to a sweeping bill sponsored by 40 Democrats and Republicans, sources told NPR Friday.

Nixon thought he'd be the only one to ever hear his secret recordings

Jul 31, 2015
Jack Kightlinger/Wikimedia Commons

It's been 40 years since President Richard Nixon became the only US president to resign from office, and historians are still working to decipher the more than 3,000 hours of audio tape the disgraced leader left behind. 

Nixon himself installed the recording system that provided the evidence that toppled him. It was the latest technology at the time. 

Part II: Rwanda's gacaca courts

Jul 31, 2015

In Rwanda, a huge legal experiment is underway. It's called Gacaca.

Since 1994 the government has struggled to administer justice to hundreds of thousands of genocide suspects. A UN court was set up in Tanzania to try high level suspects. The regular Rwandan courts began processing the rest. But they were soon overwhelmed. So the government adapted a traditional form of dispute resolution into a grassroots apparatus for trying genocide cases.

There's a curious link between today's story on the imminent demise of the US's venerable U-2 spy plane and the history of Siberia's Lake Baikal, the largest fresh water lake in the world. And I stumbled upon it when I was traveling in Siberia.

Daniel Estrin

In the Israeli-Palestinian war over the character of Jerusalem, the neighborhood of Silwan is a major battlefield.

The City of David archaeological park is a popular destination for most visitors to the area. There’s soft harp music and a golden harp statue at the entrance, where tour guides meet groups and shepherd them through the ruins.

It’s the most ancient part of Jerusalem, and it’s where Jewish tradition says the biblical King David established his capital.

An arson attack in the West Bank that killed an 18-month-old boy was being condemned widely on Friday, but the Palestinian Liberation Organization is putting the blame on the Israeli government.

The attack happened in the early morning hours of Friday when perpetrators firebombed a house in the village of Duma. According to the BBC, the perpetrators left behind some graffiti in Hebrew. On one wall, the Star of David was drawn right next to the word "revenge."

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