Breaking the code behind the Nazis' enigma machine was crucial to the Allies winning World War II.
The new movie "The Imitation Game" tells the story of Alan Turing and the machine he developed to break that code — known as the bombe machine. All that code-breaking took place at a British manor known as Bletchley Park.
And many of the great minds working at that top secret location were women.
Sandra Levinson’s desk at the Center for Cuban Studies is surrounded by art from more than 45 years of traveling to Cuba. One of the pieces is a photo taken in 1961, on the very day Washington broke off relations with Cuba, showing a man selling the newspaper in front of the US embassy in Havana. The headline reads "Viva Cuba Libre" — "Long live a free Cuba."
A convoy of six armored Peshmerga SUVs slowly roll through the town of Kharabaroot, just west of Kirkuk. On either side of the narrow dirt road, the houses are in ruins. Most have been completely flattened; the few that still stand are uninhabitable, not a single civilian remains.
For Iraq’s Kurdish Peshmerga forces, this is what victory looks like.
“They were very strong,” explains Kemal Kerkuki, the commanding officer of Peshmerga forces in this region outside Kirkuk, referring to the ISIS terrorist group that calls itself the Islamic State.
For a small group of Muslims from the Boston area, making the Hajj pilgrimage is a matter of fulfilling an Islamic duty. But each of them is also seeking something more personal.
A recently divorced man wants help from God to move on; a Muslim chaplin looks for spiritual meaning; her husband, a physician, will check something off his lifelong to-do list; another man will be leaving the United States for the first time.
These are main characters in "The Hajj," an episode from a new PBS series called "Sacred Journeys with Bruce Feiler."
Maybe the legislation needed more time for review or didn’t have quite enough support. Whatever the reason—this was the year those bills finally made it past state lawmakers.
The most recent example is the reform to Ohio’s redistricting process. For the past decade, critics of the process have said it creates maps that are aggressively gerrymandered, which is what happens when lawmakers redraw voting districts to benefit their political party.
2014 brought several big cases to the Republican-dominated Ohio Supreme Court, which delivered opinions that surprised some observers.
The Ohio Supreme Court ended the year by deciding one of the highest-profile cases of the year – ruling 4-3 that traffic camera programs are constitutional, and specifically that Toledo can allow appeals to go through an administrative hearing process and not municipal court. But Republican Sen. Bill Seitz of Cincinnati, the sponsor of a bill to regulate traffic cameras, says the ruling is basically moot.